If you have gingivitis or periodontitis, this treatment is perfect for you. Scaling and root planing involves deep cleaning your gums and scooping out excessive tartar buildup trapped inside your gums. You may be wondering, does this procedure hurt? Not-to-worry! When you undergo scaling and root planing, your dentist will administer anesthesia to prevent a painful experience. However, you may feel some discomfort during your recovery period.